The Numismatic Museum is one of the oldest public museums in Greece.
It was established in 1834, the same year as the National Archaeological Museum.

The love for Antiquity, prevalent at the time in Europe, and the recent foundation of the Modern Greek state had created the conditions of protecting the national cultural heritage. Hence, from the beginning, the history of the Museum was directly related with that of the Modern Greek state, the social circumstances and the cultural directives of each age. However, a decisive role in its progress was played by the personalities of those who directed it.

In 1843, the Museum was co-housed with the National Library in a room at the University of Athens.

In 1856, Achilles Postolakas was appointed as the numismatic expert at the Museum until 1888 when he retired from its directorship. Postolakas set the basis of the scientific organisation of the Museum, attended to the increase of its collections, reported and published numismatic collections and systematically cared for the enrichment of its library.

In 1867, the Numismatic Museum was officially defined by law as an annex to the National Library.

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